Disaster Relief (Covid 19)
Jharkhand is home to the highest percentage of poverty stricken population among all states of India. As per Niti Ayog's SDG Index & Dashboard report 2019-20, Jharkhand has about 37% of population living below the national poverty line. It ranks first among all states of India in terms of poverty.
The same report says that on "No Hunger Index" Jharkhand ranks first from below among all states. About 44% of the children of state below the age of five are anemic and 43% of the children below the age of four are underweight. About 63% of pregnant women between the age of 15 -49 are anemic as well. State has also witnessed the highest number of hunger deaths in recent years.
Ranchi, the capital city of Jharkhand hosts the largest urban slum dwelling population in the state. About 90 vulnerable pockets spread over 53 wards of Ranchi Municipal Corporation has rough estimated population of about 2 to 3 lakhs. These pockets contain about 60,000 poor families. Out of these poor households, there is a group of families whom we can be called as “Poorest of the poor”. This population includes single parent, widow, person with disability, family with severely ill members, family having old age without pension and other distressed household. An urgent support is needed to them to ensure their basic food that too for longer period of time, till certain stability comes in their income and life post corona pandemic lockdown. Number of such families is around 18,000 to 20,000.
Pratigya's role in Covid lockdown
Pratigya with support from generous donors, in association with IIM Ranchi and Ranchi District Administration distributed dry ration to more than 1876 most disadvantaged families supporting about 9,500 population directly. The disadvantaged families includes single parent, widows, person with disability, severely ill member, old age without pension and other distressed families including migrants with almost no resources left to carry out day to day food expenses due to lockdown because of corona pandemic. They are mostly the households not covered under public distribution system of government including families of the leprosy infected beggars.
Out of 1876 families, 336 families were given the ration kit in the first phase in the urban slum of Ranchi. The ration kit contained 10 kg rice, Pulses 2kg , Sugar – 1 Kg, Salt- 1 Kg, Gram Powder – 1 kg , Potato – 2 kg, Onion – 2 kg, Vegetable Oil, Spices, Tea leaves etc. The ration kit sufficed the need of a family for about 15 days.
In next phase 570 ration kits had been distributed to the poorest of the poor identified in rural areas, not covered under social security scheme or public distribution system of government. The kit contained 25 kgs of rice, Pulses 2kg, Sugar – 1 Kg, Salt- 1 Kg, Vegetable Oil- 1 litre, Potato- 5 kg, Onion - 5 kg, Spices etc. These kits would suffice basic food requirement for about a month for an average family of about 5 members. Likewise in the next phase Pratigya reached 970 more families with the similar food supply kits.
Initiation of 1st phase of relief
The Deputy Commissioner, District Development Commissioner, Sub Divisional Magistrate of Ranchi, flagging off the first phase of distribution under Each One Feed One initiative.
Pratigya's Covid Response so far
Pratigya has been actively involved in bringing relief measures to the hard hit underprivileged families of Ranchi by providing dry ration since the very first lockdown due to Corona pandemic. Pratigya has also been hosting the Hunger Helpline run through Deputy Commissioner's Office Ranchi. Both the activities have been described in detail below.
a. Ration to disadvantaged families
With support from various concerned individuals and organisations, Pratigya has so far directly provided dry ration to over 3700 disadvantaged families in Ranchi, thereby touching the lives of around 18000 people directly. It also facilitated support of food and ration to about 700 families through other organisations, thereby reaching upto 4400 families and 22,000 people in Ranchi.
Pratigya in association with IIM Ranchi and Ranchi District Administration started “Each one Feed one” distributed dry ration to more than 2500 most disadvantaged families living in slums and rural areas of Ranchi. Through other programme, Pratigya supported 1200 more families with dry ration. Thereby supporting about 3700 families and 18,000 population directly. The disadvantaged families include single parents, widows, persons with disability, severely ill members, old age without pension and other distressed families including migrants with almost no resources left to carry out day to day food expenses due to lockdown because of the corona pandemic. They are mostly the households not covered under the public distribution system of government including families of the leprosy infected beggars.
Pratigya also facilitated dry ration to about 700 families through other social organisations working in Ranchi, thereby by supporting to another 3,500 lives.
Thus till date Pratigya has supported over 4,400 families and 22,000 people so far during corona lockdown .
The ration kit contained provided directly by Pratigya contained an average 10 to 15 kg rice, Wheat Flour 5 to 10 kg Pulses 1 to 2kg , Sugar – 1 Kg, Salt- 1 Kg, Gram- 1 to 2 kg , Vegetable Oil- ½ to 1 Litre, Jaggery -1/2 to 1 kg, Soap Potato, Onion, Spices ,Tea leaves etc. The ration kit sufficed for a family for about 15 days.
This whole endeavor came as a great relief to about 22,000 people who otherwise in all probability would have undergone starvation. This also gave a decent cushioning period to the families to arrange for ration from other sources. Especially in the period when government’s support is extremely limited and in many cases negligible. These ration kits have also helped these marginalized people in covering their nutritional need to an extent in this situation of crisis.
b. Hosting of Ranchi District Hunger Helpline
Pratigya has been hosting “Hunger Helpline” being run by Ranchi District Administration for over two months. Pratigya’s calling volunteers have been receiving and processing hunger needs continuously for over 12,000 calls since the last 75 days continuously without even a single day break. Over 12,000 families had already been facilitated cooked food or dry food through this helpline.